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Pharmacist and Patient

MINOR AILMENTS

Ontario pharmacists are authorized to prescribe medications for 19 minor ailments that include:

  • Acne

  • Allergic rhinitis

  • Aphthous Ulcers (canker sores)

  • Candidal stomatitis (oral thrush)

  • Conjunctivitis (bacterial, allergic and viral)

  • Dermatitis (atopic, eczema, allergic and contact)

  • Diaper dermatitis

  • Dysmenorrhea

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • Hemorrhoids

  • Herpes labialis (cold sores)

  • Impetigo

  • Insect bites and urticaria (hives)

  • Tick bites, post-exposure prophylaxis to prevent Lyme disease

  • Musculoskeletal sprains and strains

  • Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy

  • Pinworms and threadworms

  • Urinary tract infections (uncomplicated)

  • Vulvovaginal candidiasis (yeast infection)

Minor ailments are described as health conditions that can be managed with minimal treatment and/or self-care strategies. Additional criteria include:

  • Usually a short-term condition

  • Lab results aren’t usually required

  • Low risk of treatment masking underlying conditions

  • No medication or medical history red flags that could suggest a more serious condition

  • Only minimal or short-term follow-up is required

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